Category Archives: watercolor

[Video] Tonal Painting Exercise in Burnt Umber

Many years ago, when I was first I was looking for work as a Concept Artist, one of the skills that helped my portfolio stand out from the crowd was the way I used color. My approach to color was something I learned by first practicing a simple and powerful exercise. Understanding the principles of this exercise not only helped me get a job as a concept artist on the Star Trek Online MMO video game, but helped me get a cover illustration for Star Trek The Magazine.

star trek magazine illustration by Chris Legaspi

This color exercise is tonal painting. It’s the first exercise that I recommend to anyone who wants to learn how to paint in color. In this lesson, I’ll cover tonal painting using watercolor and I’ll paint several different examples. I’ll start with simple shapes, then a cool skull still life and finally a figure study. Don’t worry If you’ve never used watercolor, or are not comfortable drawing skulls or figures. Instead, focus on the principles, concepts and the process, because the principles and the process applies to any subject and any painting medium.

The videos in this lesson demonstrate the tonal painting in Burnt Umber process. In Part 1, I cover the principles and concepts and also talk about the materials I recommend, specifically the brand of watercolor I like and use the most. Part 1 also has a full tonal painting demonstration of a cool skull still life.  In Part 2, I demonstrate a tonal painting of a female torso. By focusing on the torso, I can spend less time on drawing the figure and more time and energy on the painting.

PART 1: Skull still-life

PART 2: Figure studies in watercolor

tonal painting video lesson part 2 thumbnail

Part 2 of this video series, along with the full article with detailed process images and a text breakdown is available only to subscribers of my monthly Newsletter, Private School. To watch Part 2enter your email below to subscribe…



Why Tonal Painting and Why Burnt Umber?

burnt umber monochrome lesson by chris legaspi

If you’ve never painted before, this is the best place to start. Tonal painting is really the process of using drawing techniques and principles in a painting medium. For the demonstration I will be using watercolor, but any painting medium of your choice will work. Gouache or acrylic are two other mediums that are good for beginner painters. If you are more experienced and have used oils or just want to try, then these concepts will also apply. The reason why I am recommending watercolor is because it’s inexpensive and easy to find. I’ll go into more details in the materials section below.

The reason why we’re starting with Burnt Umber is because it’s a color that has two unique properties that make it great for beginner painters:

#1. It can get a nice range of value from dark to light. In a way Burnt Umber is a lot like using ink wash or any black water based medium. It doesn’t go to a full black, but it still gets really dark, especially when contrasted with a bright white paper.

burnt umber value range

#2. Burnt Umber isn’t a saturated brown. This means it is not as colorful, rich or intense as other colors like a pure Cadmium Red or Cadmium Orange. Using a less saturated color will allow your eye to start to see and experience color without being too distracting or intimidating. See the image below for a comparison of Burnt Umber to Cadmium Red and Cadmium Orange.

burnt umber swatch

The brand I am currently using the most and recommend is M. Graham. There are other “fancier”, more expensive brands, but I keep coming back to M. Graham. The pigment they use produces a nice temperature of Burnt Umber. This means that it’s not too orange, not too red or not too blue. It also gets dark when used more opaquely or thickly.


Recommended Materials


M. Graham. is an American brand and can be ordered online or found in larger art stores. For those outside of America, another brand I recommend is Holbein. Since I am currently based in Asia, I’ve been able to find Holbein at many art shops I’ve visited.

Holbein is a lot like M. Graham in terms of color temperature and pigment quality. It’s also less expensive that most brands and is great quality paint for the price.


click the image to buy Holbein Burnt Umber watercolor paint…


If you can’t find either of these brands, don’t worry. Start with whatever is available or whatever tube of Burnt Umber you can find. The important thing is to just start painting!

Process Images

In this section I’m going to break down the process in text form to help you review the material from the video lessons. The full article with the detailed process breakdown is available only in the November ’17 Issue of my Private School Newsletter. Newsletter subscribers will not only have access to the detailed process images, text breakdowns, video demonstrations and lessons, but you will also get access to the archive of past articles and video lessons.

To subscribe, enter your email below and click the blue button to join…


tonal painting process by chris legaspi

[VIDEO] Limited Palette Color Sketching

One of the most successful American artists working in the 1970s and 1980s was David Grove.  He painted movie posters for blockbuster films and illustrated covers for best selling books.  Almost every major studio and publisher including Disney, Fox, MGM and Warner Bros. wanted to hire David Grove. He was living every artists dream, making a lot of money to draw and paint what he loved, and having millions of people love and admire his work.

david grove movie poster art low

David’s work was well crafted and of the highest quality, but it also had a unique look. One of the things that made his work special, besides his excellent drawing skills, was the way he used color. He used a very simple and powerful strategy and technique. This technique is so simple that it has become a mystery to most of the art world.

Today I’m going to reveal that mystery to you, which is the topic of this week’s color lesson and demonstration…

Using a 2 Color Limited Palette

For this lesson, we’re going to start with two of David Grove’s favorite colors: Burnt Sienna and Ultramarine blue. Burnt Sienna is another earth tone like Burnt Umber but is more orange and more saturated. Ultramarine Blue is “cool” color that is part blue with a little bit of violet.

These colors are what’s known as complimentary colors. Which means they are on opposite sides of the color wheel.

color wheel, burnt sienna, ultramarine blue

I don’t want to get too technical here, so if you want a more information, see this video on the properties of color.  The important thing to know about these colors is that they look great together! Especially when used correctly.

In this video demonstration below you can see using a limited palette of Burnt Sienna and Ultramarine Blue on a series of figure sketches. In the video I also talk about the importance of knowing when and and where to use more warms colors (more Burnt Sienna), and when and where to use mostly “cool” colors (more blue). And of course, when and where to use them together is pretty important too. To see a limited palette in action, check the video below…

PART 1 – 5 Minute Poses

PART 2 – 10 Minute Pose

part 2 video thumbnail

Part 2 of this video series and the full article with process images are available exclusively to subscribers of my monthly Newsletter, Private School. Subscribers will not only get access to exclusive videos, but other great content like handouts, reference images and more. To watch Part 2 and access past archives of the Newsletter, enter your email below and click the blue button to join…